e-Pramaan Due to isolated project implementation of the individual e-Governance initiatives of various ministries/departments, the present authentication mechanisms are inadequate and disparate across various applications. As a result, there is not only a lack of uniformity in the authentication methods of various departments, but citizens also have to provide different kinds of identity proofs for accessing public services which are fairly similar in many cases in terms of their sensitivity. This scenario has led to sub-optimal end user experiences. e-Pramaan offers secure authentication with various levels of assurances by verifying the credentials of e-Pramaan users accessing different e-Governance services through internet or mobile devices.